The basic features of a tugger train

Components and functionality of tugger trains

The basic features of a tugger train

Tugger trains are a means of transport for ground-level material transport. They are generally made up of a towing truck and one or more trailers, on which carriers are placed. Both the driving and load handling can be carried out either manually or partly or fully automatically.

An important advantage of the tugger train is its efficiency, as one journey can be used to supply and dispose of different materials to different locations.

Bestandteile Einleitung

Tugger trains with the trailer concept have been in use in non-production areas (e.g. airports, stations, logistics) for a long time. They are also currently being used for to supply production lines, where they supply the production process as required.

Other areas of use for tugger trains include all types of internal transport, wherever goods are regularly being picked up and/or taken away.

Components of a tugger train

Tugger trains with push systems comprise a towing truck and several trailers, which in turn carry the carriers or trolleys.

Towing trucks

Standard tow tractors can be used as the towing truck, from simple standing tow tractors to automated electric tow tractors.

How to select the right towing truck:

  • Long distance - with driver's seat
  • Frequent stops - with standing area
  • Infrequent stops or short distance - with standing or sitting area
  • Route is outside - with driver's seat with speed limit removed
tugger train

Trailers / Frames

There is a wide range of push trailers available and there is still no standard variant among them. Your individual requirements determine whether you need an E, C, U, H or B-Frame. A tugger train can pull multiple trailers, which can include a combination of different trailer types. The type of trailer required depends on the size and weight of the load and on the environment in which it is being used.



  • Loading and unloading can take place on only one side
  • Goods of various sizes can be transported
  • Requires highly complex route planning
  • Runs pneumatically, hydraulically, electrically or self-sufficiently
  • Low to medium maintenance requirements for the trailers (aside from the drive, rollers and any special installations)
  • Trolley required

independent E-Frames, which generate the energy needed for the lifting motion during the journey with no external energy supply, are used with the STILL LiftRunner®, for example.


  • Great potential for customisation
  • Heavy weights possible
  • Loading and unloading only on one side
  • Goods of various sizes can be transported
  • Low to medium maintenance requirements for the trailers


  • Goods can be loaded and unloaded on either side
  • Goods of various sizes can be transported
  • Dynamic route planning
  • Trolleys required
  • Energy supply (varies according to manufacturer): pneumatic, hydraulic or electric


  • Can be loaded on both sides; the loading side determines the unloading side
  • Size of the goods being transported must be uniform
  • Limited complexity of route planning
  • Low maintenance required for trailers


  • Goods can be loaded and unloaded on either side
  • Goods of different or uniform sizes can be transported depending on manufacturer
  • Little room for manoeuvre in route planning


Trolleys are also called floor rollers or push carts. They are the carriers for the materials being transported. There are various types available for different materials, from small load carriers to large load carriers. Trolleys are often designed for transport with specific tr